Climate Change Adaptation International Challenges and Instruments at local and regional scale Day.
The conference’s presentation was given by Xavier Cañavate, Director of the TSE, Professor Martin Rosas and Jordi Morato, Coordinator of the UNESCO Sustainability Chair.
The talk that took place on the 28th was given by Dr. Mariano Marzo, professor of stratigraphy and professor of energy and petroleum geology at the University of Barcelona (UB), who spoke on the "three sides of a sustainable energy policy."
To the lecturer, the three fronts to achieve a sustainable energy policy are energy (security of supply), ecology and economics (competitiveness). The fact that hydrocarbons - oil, gas and coal – have supported the current paradigm was highlighted considering its impact on population growth and economic incentives to the massive use of these fossil fuels, which largely have state generators of climate change. The professor Mariano Marzo also said how the decline of global oil and gas fields and the difficulty of exploiting new reserves, are threatening the security of supply and thus cause an increase in the price. In this regard, it is clear that the third front to achieve a sustainable energy policy is the economy, since fuel prices have adversely affected the economies of producing countries, making them increasingly vulnerable and dependent. As an example he mentioned Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Italy. Moreover, he stressed, knowing all the scenarios made by official reports, like the OECD itself, with only renewable energies we will not be able to address the energy crisis in the coming years. The strategy therefore, would be to integrate an energy policy that balances the three sides through a state pact, encouraging to the most renewable energy, but focusing efforts on a saving and efficiency policy.
On the 29th, Dr. Andrea Lampis, Professor of Interdisciplinary Centre for Development Studies (cider) from the Universidad de los Andes in Bogota, Colombia was in charge of the talk. In the paper he presented entitled "Social Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change cities," he detailed the concept of vulnerability as the degree to which a system is susceptible to or unable to cope with the adverse effects of climate change depending on the nature, magnitude and speed of change and the variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity and its ability to adapt. He explained the different approaches of the term, such as the traditional vulnerability index and vulnerability patterns, which can diagnose and measure the different climate impacts at regional level. He also explained using an analytical model the progression of vulnerability, by identifying the main causes, dynamic pressures, unsafe conditions, disasters and threats. Finally, he applied the concepts presented in a real case, in Tumaco, in Colombia's Pacific Coast, concluding that the region is an example of the lack of respect for human rights, social and cultural dissatisfaction of human needs and lack of human security, which are related to each other.
You can find the presentations of the conference on the following link:
[3 MB] Mariano Marzo - Jornada Internacional
[4 MB] Andrea Lampis - Jornada Internacional